Sejarah Program Tender Pesawat Militer Taktis “Ivanov” Uni Soviet

pada tahun 1936, Soviet High Command mengumumkan program pesawat pengganti buat armada-armada intai yang kebanyakan adalah biplane tua seperti Polikarpov R-5, dan R-Z Natacha. Soviet High Command mengumumkan program Voiskovoy Samolet / tactical aircraft: (short-range bomber, reconnaissance and attack plane). Pengumuman Program tender ini disebut dengan Program “Ivanov” (Ivanov adalah nickname Josef Stalin dalam Telegram) berdasarkan telegram-telegram yang disampaikan kepada desainer pesawat dengan tertanda dari “Ivanov” alias Stalin sendiri

Program Tender tahap 1 : Harus ditenagai Mesin Liquid-Cooled Mikulin AM-34FRN (1200 hp)

Peserta Tender “Ivanov” ini mencakup beberapa desainer pesawat yang terkemuka di Uni Soviet tahun 1930an, yang mungkin beberapa diantaranya belum pernah kalian tahu

-Andrei .N.Tupolev
-Nikolai .N. Polikarpov
-Iosif .G. Neman
-Sergei A. Kochyerigin
-Dimitri .P. Grigorovitch
-Sergei .V Ilyushin.

Polikarpov dan Grigorovitch memutuskan mendesain dalam dua versi, high wing dan low wing. desain “Ivanov” buatan Ilyushin sampai saat ini belum ditemukan.

tak diduga, Soviet High Command memutuskan mengganti kriteria pesawat tender untuk beralih dari mesin V-12 Mikulin AM-34FRN ke mesin radial Shvetsov M-62 (1000 hp). Grigorovich, Ilyushin dan Kochyerigin yang kecewa dengan perubahan kriteria tender memutuskan untuk menghentikan sementara pengerjaan tender. sehingga tinggal Neman, Tupolev dan Polikarpov yang meneruskan pengerjaan program Tender “Ivanov”.

akhirnya kandidat yang muncul dari program Ivanov adalah :
-Tupolev ANT-51 / Sukhoi BB-1
-Neman KhAI-5
-Polikarpov “Ivanov”

dan program independen setelah Grigorovich dan Kochyerigin serta Ilyushin keluar menghasilkan :
-Kochyerigin LBSh
-Grigorovich DG-58R
-Ilyushin “Ivanov”

pada akhirnya, yang memenangkan program Tender adalah Neman KhAI-5, atau yang lebih dikenal dengan Neman R-10. sementara Tupolev ANT-51 / Sukhoi BB-1 dialihkan fungsi menjadi Scout Bomber, yang lebih dikenal dengan nama Sukhoi Su-2. sedangkan baik Ilyushin Ivanov, Polikarpov Ivanov, Kochyerigin LBSh dan Grigorovich DG-58R tidak masuk dinas operasional

GALERI

Tupolev-Sukhoi

ANT-51
ANT-51
ANT-51 (M-34FRN)
ANT-51 (M-34FRN)
Sukhoi Ivanov
Sukhoi Ivanov
Sukhoi Ivanov
Sukhoi Ivanov

Grigorovich Ivanov

Grigorovich DG-58R
Grigorovich DG-58R
Grigorovich Ivanov (M-34FRN) Low Wing
Grigorovich Ivanov (M-34FRN) Low Wing
Grigorovich Ivanov (AM-34FRN) High Wing
Grigorovich Ivanov (AM-34FRN) High Wing

Neman Ivanov

KhAI Neman (AM-34FRN)
KhAI Neman (AM-34FRN)
Neman Aircraft Family Tree
Neman Aircraft Family Tree
Neman Ivanov
Neman Ivanov
Neman 'Ivanov' (M-34 FRN)
Neman ‘Ivanov’ (M-34 FRN)

Kochyerigin Ivanov

Kochyerigin Sh
Kochyerigin Sh
Kocherigin 'Ivanov' M-34FRN
Kocherigin ‘Ivanov’ M-34FRN
TSh-3  (Tyazhelyi Shturmovik=heavy armoured attacker) "Ivanov"(M-34RFN) project Kocherigin instructed to implement a series of multi-roll BSh-1 (bomber-attack plane) / license Vultee V-11GV. SR (Skorostnoi Razvedchik=fast recon) R-9 Sh-1, LBSh (Shturmovik-1, Legkii Bronirovannyi Shturmovik=light armoured attacker) Sh-2, BMSh (Bol’shaya Modificatsiya Shturmovika= great modification of the attacker) MMSh, BB-21 (Malaya Modificatsiya  Shturmovika= low modification of the attacker) OBSh project (Odnomestnyi Bronirovannyi Shturmovik=single-set armoured attacker) OPB   (Odnomestnyi Pikiruyushchyi Bombardirovshchik= single-set dive bomber) IT-2     project (Istrebitel Tankov-2= tank fighter/ tank-buster)
TSh-3 (Tyazhelyi Shturmovik=heavy armoured attacker)
“Ivanov”(M-34RFN) project
Kocherigin instructed to implement a series of multi-roll BSh-1 (bomber-attack plane) / license Vultee V-11GV.
SR (Skorostnoi Razvedchik=fast recon)
R-9
Sh-1, LBSh (Shturmovik-1, Legkii Bronirovannyi Shturmovik=light armoured attacker)
Sh-2,
BMSh (Bol’shaya Modificatsiya Shturmovika= great modification of the attacker)
MMSh, BB-21 (Malaya Modificatsiya Shturmovika= low modification of the attacker)
OBSh project (Odnomestnyi Bronirovannyi Shturmovik=single-set armoured attacker)
OPB (Odnomestnyi Pikiruyushchyi Bombardirovshchik= single-set dive bomber)
IT-2 project (Istrebitel Tankov-2= tank fighter/ tank-buster)

Polikarpov Ivanov

Polikarpov Ivanov (M-62)
Polikarpov Ivanov (M-62)
Polikarpov Ivanov (M-62)
Polikarpov Ivanov (M-62)
Polikarpov Ivanov (M-34FRN)
Polikarpov Ivanov (M-34FRN)
Polikarpov Ivanov (M-34FRN)
Polikarpov Ivanov (M-34FRN)
"Ivanov"(M-34RFN) project VIT-1, MPI-1 (Vozdushnyi Istrebitel Tankov-1, Mnogomestnyi Pushechnyi Istrebitel =             aerial tank fighter/  tank-buster, multiseat cannon fighter) TsKB-18  /I-16(M22) armoured cockpit, 4- ShKAS  (20 degrees downwards) I-16type (5/ 11) Shturmovik by Polikarpov/Borovkov, 6- ShKAS  (9 degrees downwards) +                                                                                                               6 x 25 kg bombs   AK-62 project (Artilleriyskyi Korrectirovshchyk=gunnery observation/artillery correction aircraft with engine M-62) I-16 (SPB) (Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchyi Bombardirovshchik= fast dive bomber in connection with  airlaunched TB-3 Zveno) SPB (Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchyi Bombardirovshchik= fast dive bomber) TIS   project  (Tyazhelyi  Istrebitel Soprovozhdeniya=heavy fighter escort) Also, the aircraft was used as a night fighter, attack and anti-tanks aircraft. ODB project (Odno-Dvigatel’nyi Bombardirovshchik= single-engine bomber)  Continuing the theme «Ivanov» in the new edition. BP, PB project (Bombardirovachnyi Planer= bomber glider) NB   (Nochnoy Bombardirovshchik= night bomber)
“Ivanov”(M-34RFN) project
VIT-1, MPI-1 (Vozdushnyi Istrebitel Tankov-1, Mnogomestnyi Pushechnyi Istrebitel =
aerial tank fighter/ tank-buster, multiseat cannon fighter)
TsKB-18 /I-16(M22) armoured cockpit, 4- ShKAS (20 degrees downwards)
I-16type (5/ 11) Shturmovik by Polikarpov/Borovkov, 6- ShKAS (9 degrees downwards) +
6 x 25 kg bombs
AK-62 project (Artilleriyskyi Korrectirovshchyk=gunnery observation/artillery correction aircraft
with engine M-62)
I-16 (SPB) (Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchyi Bombardirovshchik= fast dive bomber in connection with airlaunched TB-3 Zveno)
SPB (Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchyi Bombardirovshchik= fast dive bomber)
TIS project (Tyazhelyi Istrebitel Soprovozhdeniya=heavy fighter escort)
Also, the aircraft was used as a night fighter, attack and anti-tanks aircraft.
ODB project (Odno-Dvigatel’nyi Bombardirovshchik= single-engine bomber) Continuing the theme «Ivanov» in the new edition.
BP, PB project (Bombardirovachnyi Planer= bomber glider)
NB (Nochnoy Bombardirovshchik= night bomber)
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